Tobacco is Australia’s biggest killer drug. It is the most harmful drug (legal and illegal). It is also the most abused. Its said that smoking cigarettes is addictive or even more addictive than heroin. Many younger people are taking up smoking and the future results are not good. Two groups have the highest cause for concern. They are young women and middle age men. Tobacco or cigarette smoking can cause lung cancer or emphysema, heart disease and many other fatal sicknesses. Alcohol causes a big amount of harm and physical damage in Australia. It is legal and is socially acceptable and easy to get. Binge drinking is common for young people, and its a major concern because of the high risks like traffic accidents, violence, unsafe sex, brain damage and the risk of dependence. The National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia defines low risk drinking as no more than 4 standard drinks per day for men and no more than 2 standard drinks per day for women with two (minimum) alcohol free days a week. Many people abuse prescription drugs and pharmaceuticals like Valium and Serepax.
Taking the drugs without a doctor telling you to can be harmful. Users are really at risk when they combine these drugs with other drugs, including alcohol, speed, heroin and ecstasy. Panadeine abuse is a problem amongst some teenagers. Other Names: dope, grass, green, hooch, mull, pot, hash, gunga, weed, wacky-tobaccy, skunk. Cannabis or Marijuana is the most used illegal drug. Marijuana is made from the dried leaves and flowers of the plant Cannabis sativa. Hash is often sold in small foil covered blocks and quality can range from crumbly light brown material to very resinous dark brown material. It is much stronger than marijuana, as is cannabis oil. The drug is smoked as a joint when rolled in tobacco paper or placed in a cone at the end of a pipe or water based bong. Other Names: uppers, whiz, billyo, go-ey. Amphetamines are psycho-stimulants they speed up the messages going from the brain to the body and from the body to the brain.
Most amphetamines are made in illegal backyard labs. These labs are unclean and badness can result from impurities that stay in the drugs. Amphetamines can be drunk or snorted or injected. Because of the strength of amphetamines, some users have ODd and died. Amphedamines can increase breathing and heart rate, raise blood pressure and make pupils bigger. High doses can cause very rapid or irregular heartbeat, tremor, loss of co-ordination and collapsing. Needle use also carries the risk of HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B & C. The Picture above are inhalents. They are some of the things turn to gas in air and when the fumes are inhaled can cause the user to feel high.. The word (term) chroming or glue sniffing is used to cover all types of inhalant using. Many products are used such as glue, spray cans, lighter fluid, paint thinner, paint or petrol. After a high the drug slows down the messages going to and from the brain to the body.
Most effects go within an hour of use. Using many times may make users pass out, get bad cramps, not know what’s going on or they may die. The drug in some of these products can cause heart failure. This can haooen more easily if the user is stressed or does heavy work outs or exercise (like running walking etc.). Some users have been known to pass out and suffocate in the plastic bag they inhale from. Inhalants are most commonly used by young people in their first few years at high school. Like most drugs inhalants are addictive even though almost all young people who! try inhalants only use them once or twice. Other Names: E, eccies, love drug, XTC, doves. The chemical Methylenedioxymethamphetamine is a drug which can cause you to see things that are not seen by other people and makes you feel more confident and feeling close to people which is why it’s also known as The love drug. People can also have jaw clenching, teeth grinding, dry mouth and throat, nausea and loss of appetite, anxiety, paranoia and confusion. Symptoms include: loss of appetite, sleep problems, aching and not thinking straight.
Overdose can occur resulting in really high blood pressure, increased heartbeat and body temperature. It’s important not to drink too much water too quickly because under the influence of ecstasy over hydrating can dilute the blood.Ecstasy is one of a number of designer drugs which are getting used a lot more and many new kinds are already available with more anticipated. hallucinogens Variations: LSD, magic mushrooms Hallucinogens, or psychedelics, are any mind-altering substance that distorts the user’s sensations, thinking, self-awareness and emotions. Hallucinogens may also have a depressant effect. LSD, the best known of the hallucinogens and as a synthetic drug, is one of the most potent mind-altering chemicals. LSD is the type that is seen the most (in ticket form or the tickets put into a tablet or confectionary. More than any other drug the effects of hallucinogens change heaps from person to person and from time to time. Typical effects include large pupils, rapid heart rate, changes in sight, sound, touch, smell, and taste. People may feel relaxed and a sense of wellbeing.
Others may feel nausea and loss of appetite, chills, flushing, shaking, confusion and on a bad trip – panic. Other Names: coke, charlie, AKA, snow, blow. Cocaine does comes in a white powder thats called cocaine hydrochloride. It is also known as Coke or Charlie. Cocaine in like this is usually snorted or injected. Cocaine is often mixed or cut with other things like mannitol or some other sugar. Effects of cocaine which can last for minutes or hours happen very quickly and can be: an increased heart rate, sexual stimulation, alertness, energy and aggressive behaviour. Cocaine is highly addictive and like other stimulants, coke reduces hunger, thirst and natural needs like rest, food and water. Other Names: H, hammer, horse, smack, junk. Heroin is made from the opium poppy and usually comes in a rock or powdered form which is usually white or pink/beige in colour.
The purity of heroin sold on the street can change enormously from as low as 25-30% to 85-90% depending on the illegal market. Heroin provides an extremely intense rush and a high that usually lasts for 6 – 10 hours. it is highly addictive and regular users are likely to become dependent on it. Complications with heroin use include whats called tolerance which means that the user needs more and more to get the same effect. Using heroin can result in both psychological and physical dependence on the drug.
Drug Use/Abuse of School Students : At Year 7 40% had consumed alcohol 50% had tried smoking 35% used pain relievers on a weekly basis 1% had tried illegal drugs other than marijuana 11% drink alcohol weekly 6% had tried marijuana By Year 11 88% had consumed alcohol 42% had tried marijuana Binge drinking in the week of the survey 41% Boys 39% Girls Young people experiment with illegal drugs. A main reason is to just get stoned They don’t see any real harm in it, don’t fully understand the health risks and underestimate the chances of becoming ‘hooked’ or dependent on drugs. Most people don’t know the facts about drugs. Most people who take drugs are ordinary people. Marijuana is by far the most used illegal drug. There is a huge jump in experimenting with drugs between Year 7 (12 years old) and Year 11. Less than 1% of Victorians over 14 years old had used heroin in the last 12 months. Very few under 18 year olds experiment with heroin.